Monday, June 1, 2020

Lakshadweep Marine Bio Sphere Reserve- Lakshadweep Islands.(also VUFF-0103)

Lakshadweep Marine Bio Sphere Reserve- Lakshadweep Islands.(also VUFF-0103)

Many expeditions have taken place in the islands of  Lakshdweep , only some calls are listed below.

VU7LD 01 to 31 Dec 2006 Kavaratti

Hamfest 15 TO 30TH JAN 2007; VU7RG, VU7MY,


VU7KP, VU2VKU  BANGARAM IS.    15-18 May 2017

VU7AG,VU7KA  20 Nov - 10 Dec 2013. also: VU2VKU, PAI, NKS,  CDP, RCT, NXM, ABS, CHM and VU3DMP

VU7KV 2014; VU7KP MAY 2017;

VU7RI 09 TO 30 OCT 2019

The coral islands in the Arabian Sea form the smallest of UT in India and known as Lakshadweep. This term in Sanskrit means one hundred thousand isles. (Laksha–one hundred thousand; Dweep-island). These islands lie directly along the trade route between Africa, Arabia and Malabar . According to the (2001 Census) Population: is 60,595 and the languages spoken are: Malayalam and jesari and Mahl. About 82 percent of the land mass is covered by privately owned coconut plantations. Local population survive on fishing and tourism.

The Lakhadweep are least studied coral atoll enclosing lagoons, submerged reefs and banks situated in the Arabian Sea, 200-300 km from the West Coast of India. They lie between latitude 80-140N and longitude 710-740E, covering an area of only 32 Km2 .The Laccadive islands are the northern part of the Laccadive-Chagos ridge in the western Indian Ocean extending over 2500 km.. The ridge is divided into three main segments which are referred to the Laccadive islands (Lakshadweep), the middle segment as the Maldive islands and southern segment as Chagos bank. There are 11 major islands and lagoons Kavaratti, Kalpeni, Agatti, Chetlat, Bitra, Kiltan, Kadmat, Amini, Bangaram, Suheli, Minicoy and 4 submerged reefs (Baliapani, Cheriapani, Perumalpar, Androth) and 5 banks (Bassas de Pedro, Sessostris, Coradivh,Aminipitti, Elikalpeni) Kavaratti is the capital city of these islands. The Lakshadweep group of atolls is separated from the Minicoy by the 90 channel. Most of the atolls have low-lying islands on the east, a reef on the west and a lagoon in between. The largest island is Minicoy with a length of about 9 km, and an area of 4.37 km2. The smaller inhabited island is Bitra with an area of 0.1 km2. The islands have a lagoon 4,200 km2, territorial waters of 20,000 km2 and 4,00,000 km2 of Exclusive Economic Zone

Seagrass beds are found along the coast of Tamil Nadu, Lakshadweep Islands, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, and the Sundarbans.There are 770 species of seaweeds found in shallow waters all along the Indian coast, particularly in Tamil Nadu, Gujarat, Goa, Maharashtra, and Lakshadweep. The islands of

Andaman and Nicobar and Lakshadweep are considered to be biodiversity hotspots, where large numbers of endemic flora and fauna exist. Nearly 75 species of seabirds are found in the marine environment of India. Some species of marine terns breed in huge numbers on some islands, like Vengurla Rocks (Burnt Island), Pitti Island, and Adam’s Bridge. Many

species of seabirds are recorded on various offshore islands. 11 species of sea-grasses of India - with Enhalus acoroides being endemic. Seagrass community include Halophila ovalis, Halophila ovata, Halophila beccari, Halophila stipulacea, Thalassia lemprichii, Halodule uninervis etc. Ideal feeding ground for the endangered animals. The total productive area of Seaweeds is estimated around 10,000ha, with a standing of more than 18,000 tons. The common seaweeds found here are Ulva, Sargassum, Gelidiella, Gracilaria, Caulerpa, Halimeda, Padina, Hypnea, Turbinaria, Chondrococcus etc.

Pitti Island and the islands around it are supporting the breeding and migratory populations of many marine terns including Sooty Tern Onychoprion fuscatus, Brown Noddy Anous stolidus, Great Crested Tern Thalasseus bergii, Lesser Crested Tern Thalasseus bengalensis and White-cheeked Tern Sterna repressa, and many other species of seabirds. The waters around Kavaratti, Agatti, Suheli, Bangaram, Kadmat, Amini, and Perumal Par support foraging range for marine birds. The sea water in a radius of 25 km is included as foraging range for Large Crested Tern Sterna bergii. Pitti Island was declared as a wildlife sanctuary in 2000.

The Beleapani Reef with waters around Chereapani Reef, Bitra, Chetlat, and Kiltan as foraging range for Sooty Tern, Great Crested Tern. It is an unprotected area.

Saturday, May 30, 2020

Bird Sanctuaries of India

There are hundreds (almost 1500) of group and Order/Scientific names of Birds found in India. They are scattered all over namely, aquatic, terrestrial and migratory birds. The range of birds we have are from flowerpeckers (thumb size) to vulture and sarus crane( over five feet in height); peacocks and himalayan pheasants for their colour; sparrows, crows, the parrots and hill mynas, for all the noise and copy of human voice they make. The peacock is our National bird and different states have their own state birds.

Bird Sanctuaries in India, are mostly in the riverine areas. Some of them are in the lakes, and very few away from water. They depend on vegetation for building nests, egg laying and bringing up their young ones, on fish and other food supply chains. Apart from the intercontinental migratory birds, the local Himalayan birds also come down southwards for the winter season. The Siberian crane and the bar headed geese are well known in India. Ramsar sites are additional to those listed below.

Sr.  No Name State Coordinates
1.        Kolleru Bird Sanctuary Andhra Pradesh 16° 47' 32" N, 81° 23' 25" E
2.        Manjira Bird Sanctuary Andhra Pradesh 17° 57' 52" N, 78° 02' 22" E
3.        Nelapattu Bird Sanctuary Andhra Pradesh 13° 50' 14" N, 79° 59' 06" E
4.        Rollapadu Great Indian Bustard Sanctuary Andhra Pradesh 15° 43' 56.22" N, 78° 20'39.81" E
5.        Sri Lankamalleshwara Wildlife Sanctuary Andhra Pradesh 14° 38' 24" N, 78° 40' 12" E
6.        Bordoibam- Bilmukh Bird Sanctuary Assam 27° 19' 60" N, 94° 19' 60" E
7.        Pani- Dihing Bird Sanctuary Assam 27° 04' 00" N, 94° 34' 60" E
8.        Bareli Jheel Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary Bihar -
9.        Kusheshwar Asthan Bird Sanctuary Bihar 26° 10' 00" N, 86° 02' 30" E
10.    Saraiya Man Bird Sanctuary Bihar -
11.    City Bird Sanctuary Chandigarh -
12.    Okhla Bird Sanctuary Delhi 28° 33' 00" N, 77° 17' 60" E
13.    Chorao Island (Dr.Salim Ali ) WLS (Bird) Goa 15°30’55.87”N, 73°51’19.58”E
14.    Khijadia Lake and Bird Sanctuary Gujarat 22° 31' 60" N, 70° 09' 00" E
15.    Kutch Desert WLS (includes Flamingo City) Gujarat 24° 05' 32.95" N, 70° 09' 4.62" E
16.    Naliya Grassland (Lala Bustard WLS) Gujarat 23° 30' 00" N, 68° 45' 00" E
17.    Nalsarovar Bird Sanctuary Gujarat 22° 47' 50.62" N, 72° 01' 12.95" E
18.    Porbandar Bird Sanctuary Gujarat 21°38'8.82"N, 69°37'7.10"E
19.    Thol Lake Bird Sanctuary Gujarat 23° 08' 7.90" N, 72° 24'15.03" E
20.    Bhindawas Bird Sanctuary Haryana 28° 32' 45.85" N, 76° 32' 19.57" E
21.    Sultanpur Bird Sanctuary Haryana 28° 28' 00" N, 76° 55' 00"E
22.    Bandli Wildlife Sanctuary Himachal Pradesh 31° 28' 38" N, 76° 55' 41" E
23.    Kais Wildlife Sanctuary Himachal Pradesh 32° 02' 06" N, 77° 11' 42" E
24.    Pong Dam Lake WLS (declared as a Bird Sanc. In 1983) Himachal Pradesh 32° 04' 25" N, 76° 13' 47" E
25.    Udhuwa Lake Bird Sanctuary Jharkhand 24° 59' 37" N, 87° 49' 21" E
26.    Adichanchunagiri Wildlife Sanctuary Karnataka 12° 55' 00" N, 76° 40' 00" E
27.    Bankapur Peacock Conservation Reserve (Bird) Karnataka -
28.    Ghataprabha Bird Sanctuary Karnataka 16°14'0.00"N, 74°49'60.00"E
29.    Gudavi Bird Sanctuary Karnataka 14° 26' 36.09" N, 75° 01' 8.12" E
30.    Kokkare Bellur Community Reserve (Bird) Karnataka 12° 13' 53" N, 77° 05' 19" E
31.    Ranganathittu Bird Sanctuary Karnataka 12° 25' 29.19" N, 76° 39' 13.49" E
32.    Chulannur Peafowl WLS Kerala 10°43’44.63”N , 76°28’35.19” E
33.    Kadalundi Bird Sanctuary Kerala 11° 7'34.31"N, 75°49'43.45"E
34.    Kumarakom Bird Sanctuary Kerala 9°37'46.51"N,  76°25'25.56"E
35.    Mangalvanam Bird WLS Kerala 9°59'17.31"N,  76°16'27.86"E
36.    Thattekad or Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary Kerala 10° 06' 38" N, 76° 43' 45" E
37.    Pitti Wildlife Sanctuary (Bird) Lakshadweep 10° 46' 54" N, 73° 31' 59" E
38.    Ghatigaon Bustard Sanctuary Madhya Pradesh 26° 03' 46.95" N, 77° 58' 34.34" E
39.    Karera Bustard Sanctuary Madhya Pradesh 25° 41' 44" N, 78° 09' 59" E
(Coordinates of Dihaila jheel in Karera Bustard Sanctuary)
40.    Sailana Kharmor (Lesser Florican) sanctuary Madhya Pradesh 23° 24' 26" N, 74° 58' 05" E
41.    Sardarpur Kharmor (Lesser Florican) sanctuary Madhya Pradesh 23o27’0.97”N,  74O56’41.57”E
42.    Jaikwadi Bird Sanctuary Maharashtra 19° 29' 43" N, 75° 17' 37" E
43.    Jawaharlal Nehru Bustard Sanctuary Maharashtra 18° 21' 00" N, 75° 11' 38" E
44.    Karnala Bird Sanctuary Maharashtra 18°53'21.98"N,  73° 7'23.49"E
45.    Mayani Bird Sanctuary Maharashtra 17°26'51.28"N,  74°33'59.97"E
46.    Naigaon Mayur WLS Maharashtra 18°35'30.15"N,  76°10'52.75"E (Coordinates of Naigaon village)
47.    Nandur Madhmeshwar Bird Sanctuary Maharashtra 19° 59' 36" N, 74° 01' 50" E
48.    Khonoma Nature Conservation and Tragopan sanctuary Nagaland 25° 39' 32" N, 94 ° 02' 01" E
49.    Nalabana Bird Sanctuary Orissa 19° 42' 36" N, 85° 28' 48" E (Chilika Lake)
50.    Harike Lake Bird Sanctuary Punjab 31° 18' 00" N, 75° 04' 60" E
51.    Desert National Park Rajasthan 26° 49' 05.42" N, 70° 31' 02.47" E
52.    Keoladeo / Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary Rajasthan 27° 10' 2.53" N, 77° 31' 11.70"E
53.    Kitam WLS (Bird) Sikkim 27° 6'38.66"N,  88°21'9.42"E
54.    Ariyakulam Bird Sanctuary Tamil Nadu 9° 9'53.34"N,  77°32'14.13"E
55.    Chitrangudi and Kanjirankulam Bird Sanctuary Tamil Nadu 9° 19' 48" N, 78° 28' 60" E
56.    Koonthangulam Bird Sanctuary Tamil Nadu 8° 28' 12" N, 77° 43' 48" E
57.    Point Calimere Bird Sanctuary Tamil Nadu 10° 18' 72" N, 79° 51' 60" E
58.    Thiruppudai- Maruthur Conservation Reserve (Bird) Tamil Nadu 10°59'36.54"N,  79°26'59.62"E
59.    Vaduvoor Lake Bird Sanctuary Tamil Nadu 10° 42' 13.06" N, 79° 18' 49.79" E
60.    Vedanthangal and Karikili Bird Sanctuary Tamil Nadu 12° 32' 02" N, 79° 52' 29" E
61.    Vettangudi Bird Sanctuary Tamil Nadu 10° 06' 23.98" N, 78° 30' 17.96" E
62.    Bakhira Bird Sanctuary Uttar Pradesh 26° 34' 60" N, 83° 00' 00" E
63.    Nawabganj Priyadarshini Bird Sanctuary Uttar Pradesh 26° 34' 60" N, 80° 40' 00" E
64.    Patna Bird Sanctuary Uttar Pradesh 27° 34' 60" N, 78° 45' 00" E
65.    Saman Bird Sanctuary Uttar Pradesh 27° 04' 60" N, 79° 00' 00"E
66.    Samaspur Bird Sanctuary Uttar Pradesh 26° 00' 00" N, 81° 25' 00"E
67.    Sandi WLS (declared as a Bird Sanc. In 1990) Uttar Pradesh 27° 15' 00" N, 79° 55' 00" E
68.    Sur Sarovar WLS (declared as a Bird Sanc. In 1991) Uttar Pradesh 27° 00' 00" N, 77° 45' 00" E
69.    Asan Barage Wetland CR (Bird) Uttarakhand 30° 25' 60" N, 77° 42' 00" E
70.    Jhilmi Jheel CR(Bird) Uttarakhand 29°47'43.00"N,  78°12'59.00"E
71.    Chintamani Kar Bird Sanctuary West Bengal 22°25’21.77”N, 88°23’43.39”E
72.    Kulik Bird Sanctuary West Bengal 25° 58' 00" N, 87° 52' 50" E

(Source: ENVIS)

Snake parks in India.

Snake parks in India

Many of the zoological gardens in India, have a small section for serpentarium. But, the Guindy Snake Park is an exclusive one. Antisnake venom In India, polyvalent antivenom prepared by Central Research Institute, Kasauli (HP) is effective against the most common Indian species. . Antivenom produced at the Haffkine Corporation, Parel (Mumbai) is effective against the venom of even more species.

Guindy Snake Park, Chennai Guindy Snake Park or Chennai Snake Park Trust is India's first reptile park established in 1972. Guindy Snake Park is located next to the Guindy National Park in Chennai. This reptile park is a home to a number of Indian snakes as well as foreign species. Guindy Snake Park is also a breeding and conservation centre which was founded by a renowned Herpetologist Romulous Whitaker.

(Read more at:

Parissinikadavu Snake Park, Kannur Parissinikadavu is not just known for Muthappan temple but this beautiful snake park. Parissinikadu Snake Park houses many species of venomous and non-venomous snakes that attract several visitors in Kannur. It is also research and conservation centre for snakes located just 2km from NH17 in Kerala. Tourists can see cobras, pit vipers and also pythons at this park.

Katraj Snake Park, Pune Katraj Snake Park is quite a sensation located inside the Rajiv Gandhi Zoological Park in Katraj, Pune. Katraj Snake Park has a large varieties of serpents like cobras, Indian rock python, vipers and also a King Cobra. One speciality here is that the organised stages awareness programmes to eradicate misconceptions about snakes. This event also focuses on providing a scientific approach to the conservation of species. People are educated to avoid the ill-treatment of snakes for religious purposes. Hence, Katraj Snake Park is one of the famous snake parks in India.

Calcutta Snake Park, Kolkata Calcutta Snake Park is the first snake parks in the Eastern India. This snake park was established by the efforts of Mr.Dipak Mitra, a well-known herpetologist and a wildlife conservationist. Calcutta Snake Park is spread across a 2-acre lush green land which has proved as an ideal place for snake conservation. Currently, the park houses some rare species of snakes as well as popular breeds. It is also a Zoo with other reptiles, mammals and birds. Yellow Monitor Lizards are one among the major attractions here.

Bannerghatta Snake Park, Bengaluru Bannerghatta Snake Park forms a section of Bannerghatta National Park in Bengaluru. It is one of the major attractions at the Zoo. The snake park with exotic varieties of reptiles is surely an attention seeker in the park. Hence, Bannerghatta Snake Park is among the best snake parks in India. Sadly, even snakes are affected by the globalisation around the world. There is a dire need to protect them from getting erased. Thankfully due to the efforts of wildlife enthusiasts, we are still able to conserve many species of snakes. Unfortunately, they are also being threatened by some religious customs which are proving to be hazardous for snakes. So, it becomes necessary for us to educate about the snakes.

Serpentarium at Chhatbir Zoo,Chandigarh ; A full fledged serpentarium having over 25 varieties of snakes, is the latest addition at Mahender Chaudhary Zoological Park, Chhatbir, 15 km from Chandigarh. Now from locally  found snakes like Common Krait, Rat and Viper and local Cobra, the visitors would be able to have varieties of python, in addition to the rare varieties King Cobra and local ones found in deserts of Sahara and India.

Friday, May 29, 2020

Wild Floral Parks in India.


“Wild Floral Parks”, around the world, have the least attention of the “Flora Fauna Ethusiasts” for the the Amateur Radio activity. In India, we have hardly a few Wild Floral Parks, in the valleys between mountains of the Himalayan chain, apart from the most famous Valley of Flowers. The word “Wild” here is used in the context that there is NO human intervention in the maintenance, upkeep . But, there are many seasonal floral parks built and maintained by man, in other parts of India.

1. “The Valley of Flowers” of the Garhwal Himalayas, is listed in VUFF, WWFF directories., as VUFF-0093. (no activation so far)

It has its territory extending to the Nanda Devi National Park/ Biosphere Reserve VUFF-0061 ( no activation so far). In 1931, Frank S. Smythe, Eric Shipton and R.L. Holdsworth, all British mountaineers, lost their way while returning from a successful expedition to Mt.Kamet and happened upon the valley, which was full of flowers. They were attracted to the beauty of the area and named it the "Valley of Flowers." Frank Smythe later authored a book of the same name. In 1939, Joan Margaret Legge,(21 February 1885 – 4 July 1939) a botanist deputed by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, arrived at the valley to study flowers and while traversing some rocky slopes to collect flowers, she slipped off and lost her life. Her sister later visited the valley and erected a memorial near the spot. The valley was declared a national park in 1982 and now it is a World Heritage Site.

It is located in the northern part of Chamoli District of Uttarakhand, the heights varying from 3300 to 3660 m., full of alpine flowers in their best blooming period, from mid July to mid August,though the season starts in end of May to mid October. From about October to June, the area is snow bound, with no access. . Apart from flowers, there are black and brown bear, snow leopard, musk deer, red fox and blue sheep. Among the birds, the Himalayan monal pheasant and others which thrive in high altitudes. The area encompassed is about 87.5 You have to trek from Govind Ghat and stay just short of the valley, at Bhuyinder. You have accommodation booked in advance, at Ghangaria or Bhuyinder. Contacting and planning with the Government travel organisation called GMVN, can do all the arrangements.

2. The Yumthang Valley or Sikkim Valley of Flowers Sanctuary, is a nature sanctuary with river, hot springs, yaks and grazing pasture on rolling meadows surrounded by the Himalayan mountains in the North Sikkim district of Sikkim state in India. It is at an elevation of 3,564 metres (11,693 ft) above msl at a distance of 150 kilometres (93 mi) from the state capital Gangtok. It is also known as 'Valley of Flowers' and it covers the Shingba Rhododendron Sanctuary,

The Shingba Rhododendron Sanctuary, has over twenty-four species of the rhododendron, the state flower. The flowering season is from late February and to mid June, when countless flowers bloom . A tributary of the river Teesta flows past the valley and the town of Lachung, the nearest inhabited centre. Yumthang is closed between December and March due to heavy snowfall. There is also a hot spring in the valley.

A forest rest house is the only permanent residence in the valley. During the spring, the area blooms with rhododendrons, primulas, poppies, iris and other flora. During the summer months, villagers take their cattle to these heights to graze. In view of increasing number of tourists, there is possibility of environmental degradation in near future. Skiing is conducted in the valley. Tourists may travel from Gangtok to Lachung ( village where accommodation is available) by booking a full vehicle or shared one and stay over night. A direct journey to Yumthang is not feasible as roads are commonly foggy and it becomes dark very early around 5:30 pm. A trip to the Valley takes around two hours from Lachung, which is about 125 km from Gangtok.

3. Kaas Plateau       aka "Kaas Pathar" , is a plateau situated 25 kilometres west from Satara city in Maharashtra, India. It falls under the Sahyadri Sub Cluster of the Western Ghats, and it became a part of a UNESCO World Natural Heritage Site in 2012. It has Herbaceous marshy flora.. During monsoon season, especially in the month of August, the plateau comes to life, with picturesque view of various types flowers that carpet the floor of the plateau. Forest Department’s Board at Kas Plateau, puts, there are more than 150 types of flowers, shrubs and grasses found here.!

The entry Fee charge is Rs. 100/- No entry fees Children below age 12yr. No entry fees for Senior citizen ( age above 65 yrs ) please carry your age proof ID. Note:Only 3000 visitors per day will be allowed to visit. Parking Free. ST Bus Service available from Parking place to Kas plateau and from plateau to Parking place @ Rs.10/- per person from parking & Rs.10/- per person from plateau. Guide Charges Rs 100/-. Free Entry for working soldiers and Ex-soldiers with spouse. Booking a private vehicle from Satara to Kas is ideal because the stretch is incredibly beautiful and you will definitely want to stop on the way, multiple number of times.

( Contact: Kas Pathar Office - 9405830941 , 7350038252

Read more at:

4. Dzukou Valley in Manipur-Nagaland border, is famous for the rare variety of flower called Dzukou Lily (Lilium mackliniae ) , found only in this valley, discovered  in 1991 by Hijam Bikramjit of the Life Sciences Department, Manipur University.  The valley is at about 2500m MSL.. Best period to visit Dzukou Valley during the months of June to September, it is the time when the numerous, colourful wildflowers are dotting the already incredible landscape of the Dzukou Valley.

Read more at:

5. Kurinjimala Sanctuary: “Neelakurinji's mass blooming is a kind of reproductive mega big bang,” says Jomy Augustine, head of the botany department at St. Thomas College in Palai, Kerala. “It spends all its energy for the success of flowering and fruiting. If anything happens to the ecology of the Western Ghats, it affects reproduction and thereby the future of Strobilanthes diversity.” Strobilanthes kunthianus creates a purple sheen over a hillside. In addition to Kurinji, 20 other species are blooming this year, presenting flowers in shades from white to a lavender blue to a deep brown.

Most of the Strobilanthus species have an unusual flowering behaviour varying from an annual to 16- year blooming cycles. Characteristics include gregarious flowering, mass seeding and synchronised monocarpy (the characteristic character of certain plants which flower once in their lifetime and die after fruiting). Some Kurinji plants bloom once in every seven years and then die. Their seeds sprout subsequently and continue the cycle of life before they die eventually. Strobilanthus kunthianus and other species, that are long interval bloomers, are known as “Plietesials” . Strobilanthus kunthianus blossoms only once in 12 years. The blooming of this plant has been documented in 1838, 1850, 1862, 1874, 1886, 1898, 1910, 1922, 1934, 1946, 1958, 1970, 1982, 1994, 2006 and 2018.

Honey bees act as pollinators of Neelakurinji. The nectar collected by honey bees from these flowers is found to be very tasty, nutritious and has medicinal values.

There is a sanctuary in Kottakamboor and Vattavada villages of Idukki district specially meant for conserving Kurinji called “Kurinjimala Sanctuary”.

Kurinji has long featured in the culture of South India, especially the modern-day states of Kerala and Tamil Nadu. In the ancient Sangam literature of Tamilakam or Tamil Country, land was classified into five types. They are Kurinji (mountainous), Mullai (forested), Marutham (agricultural), Neithal (coastal) and Paalai (desert). Tamil scholars opine that this classification was based on the most characteristic plants of these ecosystems: Strobilanthus kunthianus (Kurinji), Jasminum auriculatum (Mullai), Nymphaea nouchali (Neithal) and Wrightia tinctoria (Paalai). The mountainous landscape, referred to as Kurinji, abounded with Kurinji flowers.

Kurinji used to grow abundantly in the Nilgiri Hills (part of the Western Ghats) in Tamil Nadu. The brilliant blue colour of Kurinji has given the hills the name “Nilgiri”, literally meaning “Blue Mountains”. But presently, plantations and buildings have occupied the hills. In Kerala, the Anamalai Hills of Idukki district, the Agali Hills of Palakkad district and the Eravikulam National Park (VUFF-0019) ( no activation so far) of Munnar (all in the Western Ghats) also have this plant. Kurinji is also found in the Yercaud- Shevaroy Hills of the Eastern Ghats in Tamil Nadu and in the Bellary district of Karnataka.

As Neelakurinji or Strobilanthus kunthianus occurs in grassland and shola forests, at an altitude of 1,300 to 2,400 metres, it is very essential to maintain and improve the ecosystem without any further degradation and depletion.

Thursday, May 28, 2020

Zoological Gardens, Botanical Gardens , and Aquariums of India

The early man lived , experienced, enjoyed, observed and worshipped nature which supported him in ways more than one, in his survival. In his attempts, he copied  nature as much as possible, he practised agriculture, and domesticating animals for their products. He did use the forest wealth as if it is a perpetual source of raw materials for him, and thus destroyed precious forest wealth containing flora and fauna. Much further in evolution, he learnt and built cities with a part of nature, preserved in some outer area of his city , and called them zoological gardens, botanical gardens and aquariums. That helped in educating his progency . But he very well knew that that plants, trees and animals in the wild state, are more beautiful and healthy, when they live in vast untrodden areas. Thus, the ideas of developing bigger versions as national parks, larger game reserves and sanctuaries came up. He understood that some species of animals, plants and trees are fast disappearing and he made special efforts to preserve them, through these conservation areas. These are his developments through hundreds of years, from destroying nature to preserving portions with animals and trees, which he may never see again.

Zoological Gardens

Name City State
Alipore Zoological Gardens Kolkata West Bengal
Allen Forest Zoo Kanpur Uttar Pradesh
Amirthi Zoological Park Vellore Tamil Nadu
Arignar Anna Zoological Park Vandalur Zoo(India's 2nd biggest and oldest zoo) Chennai Tamil Nadu
Assam State Zoo-cum-Botanical Garden Guwahati Assam
Bannerghatta National Park near Bengaluru Karnataka
Birsa Deer Park (Birsa Mrig Vihar) Ranchi Jharkhand
Bondla Zoo Bondla Goa
Black Buck Breeding Centre, Pipli Mini Zoo, Kurukshetra Pipli Haryana
Chhatbir Zoo(Mahendra Chaudhary Zoological Park) Zirakpur Punjab
Chennai Snake Park Trust Chennai Tamil Nadu
Chinkara Breeding Centre Kairu, Bhiwani near Bahal Haryana
Crocodile Breeding Centre, Kurukshetra Bhaur Saidan (Kurukshetra) Haryana
Crocodile Breeding Centre, Muta Ranchi Jharkhand
Crocodile Rehabilitation and Research Centre (Steven Irwin Memorial) Trivandrum Kerala
Gorakhpur Zoological Garden Gorakhpur Uttar Pradesh
Gorewada Zoo Nagpur Maharashtra
Gopalpur Zoo Gopalpur Himachal Pradesh
Gulab Bagh and Zoo Udaipur Rajasthan
Hisar Deer Park
Indira Gandhi Zoological Park (India's 3rd biggest) Visakhapatnam Andhra Pradesh
Indore Zoo Indore Madhya Pradesh
Jaipur Zoo Jaipur Rajasthan
Jawaharlal Nehru Biological Park Bokaro Steel City Jharkhand
Jijamata Udyaan Mumbai Maharashtra
Kakatiya Zoological Park, Warangal Warangal Telengana
Kamla Nehru Zoological Park, Kankaria Ahmedabad Gujrat
Kurukshetra Zoo Kurukshetra Haryana
Lucknow Zoo Lucknow Uttar Pradesh
Madras Crocodile Bank Trust Chennai Tamil Nadu
Maitri Bagh Bhilai Nagar Chhattisgarh
Manda Zoo Jammu City Jammu
Marble Palace zoo Kolkata West Bengal
Sri Chamarajendra Zoological Gardens / Mysore Zoo Mysuru Karnataka
Maharajbagh zoo Nagpur Maharashtra
Nandankanan Zoological Park(India's 2nd biggest) Bhubaneswar Odisha
National Zoological Park Delhi
Nehru Zoological Park Hyderabad Telangana
Padmaja Naidu Himalayan Zoological Park Darjeeling West Bengal
Parassinikkadavu Snake Park Kannur District Kerala
Peacock & Chinkara Breading Centre, Jhabua  Rewari district Haryana
[[Pilikula Biological Park] Mangalore Karnataka
Pheasant Breeding Centre, Berwala in Panchkula district Haryana
Pheasant Breeding Centre Morni in Panchkula district Haryana
Pt. G.B. Pant High Altitude Zoo, Nainital Nainital Uttarakhand
Rajiv Gandhi Zoological Park Pune Maharashtra
Bhagwan Birsa Biological Park(Estd 1987) Ranchi Jharkhand
Rohtak Zoo
Sakkarbaug Zoological Garden(Oldest Indian zoo) Junagadh Gujarat
Sanjay Gandhi Jaivik Udyan, Patna Patna Bihar
Sarthana Zoo Surat Gujarat
Sarnath Deer Park Varanasi Uttar Pradesh
Sayaji Baug Zoo Vadodara Gujarat
Sipahijola Wildlife Sanctuary Bishalgarh Tripura
Sri Venkateswara Zoological Park (largest in India) Tirupati Andhra Pradesh
Tata Steel Zoological Park Jamshedpur Jharkhand
Thiruvananthapuram Zoo.(built by Maharaja of Travancore, one of the oldest in Asia) Trivandrum Kerala
Thrissur Zoo Thrissur Kerala
Vulture Conservation and Breeding Centre, Pinjore Pinjore Haryana
Etawah Safari Park Etawah Uttar Pradesh

Botanical Gardens   

Assam State Zoo-cum-Botanical Garden, Guwahati Guwahati Assam
Sanjay Gandhi Jaivik Udyan, Patna Bihar Bihar
Hyderabad Botanical Garden Hyderabad Telangana
NTR Garden, Hyderabad Hyderabad Telangana
Panjab University Botanical Garden Chandigarh
Botanical Garden Sarangpur, Sarangpur Chandigarh
Gujarat Technological University, Ahmedabad Ahmedabad Gujarat
Botanical garden Vaghai, Saputara Saputara Gujarat
R. B. Botanical Garden and Amusement Park Ahmedabad Gujarat
The Garça Branca Ayurvedic Botanical Garden, Loutolim Loutolim Goa
Cubbon Park, Bangalore Bangalore Karnataka
Curzon Park, Mysore Mysore Karnataka
Jijamata Udyaan, Mumbai Mumbai Maharashtra
Pilikula Arboretum, Pilikula Nisargadhama(Botanical Garden), Mangalore Mangalore Karnataka
Regional Museum of Natural History Mysore, Mysore Mysore Karnataka
University of Mysore Botanic Garden, Mysore Mysore Karnataka
Prof. Nagaraj botanical garden in Botany department G U KALABURGI Kalaburgi Karnataka
Jawaharlal Nehru Tropical Botanic Garden and Research Institute, Trivandrum ( biggest conserver of largest number of plant species  in  Asia) Trivandrum Kerala
Vellayani Agricultural College, Trivandrum Trivandrum Kerala
Malabar Botanical garden, Kozhikode Kozhikode Kerala
Empress Garden, Pune Pune Maharashtra
Odisha State Botanical Garden, Nandankanan, Bhubaneswar Bhubhaneswar  Odisha
Botanical garden Guru Nanak Dev University, Amritsar Amritsar Punjab
Botanical garden Punjabi University, Patiala Patiala Punjab
Auroville Botanical Gardens, Auroville Auroville Pondicherry
Botanic Gardens - Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore Coimbatore Tamil Nadu
Government Botanical Gardens, Ootacamund, Nilgiris district Ootacamund Tamil Nadu
The Institute of Forest Genetics and Tree Breeding, Coimbatore Coimbatore Tamil Nadu
Semmozhi Poonga, Chennai Chennai Tamil Nadu
Madhavaram Botanical Garden, Chennai Chennai Tamil Nadu
Aligarh Fort, Aligarh AMU, Aligarh Uttar Pradesh
Botanical Garden of India Republic, Noida NOIDA Uttar Pradesh
Jhansi Botanical Garden, Jhansi Jhansi Uttar Pradesh
Saharanpur Botanical Garden Saharanpur Uttar Pradesh
Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose Indian Botanic Garden, Shibpur, Kolkata Shibpur, Kolkata West Bengal
Agri Horticultural Society of India, Alipore, Kolkata Alipore, Kolkata West Bengal
Garden of Medicinal Plants, North Bengal University
West Bengal
Lalbagh, Bangalore Bangalore Karnataka
Lloyd's Botanical Garden, Darjeeling Darjeeling West Bengal
Malampuzha Garden, Palakkad Palakkad Kerala
Mysore Zoo, Mysore Mysore Karnataka
Narendra Narayan Park, Cooch Behar Cooch Behar West Bengal
National Cactus and Succulent Botanical Garden and Research Centre   Panchkula One of the largest Cactus and Succulent Botanical Garden in India, at Panchkula, Haryana.


Bagh-e-Bahu Aquarium    $ Jammu Jammu and Kashmir
Bangalore Aquarium Bangalore Karnataka
Calcutta Aquarium Kolkata West Bengal
Central Institute of Freshwater Aquaculture (CIFA) Aquarium Bhubaneswar Odisha
Dr. A. M. Michael Aquarium, Kerala University of Fisheries and Ocean Studies Panangad, Kochi Kerala
District Tourism Promotion Council (DTPC) Aquarium Kozhikode Kerala
Jagdishchandra Bose Aquarium Surat Gujarat
Jawahar Aquarium Mussoorie Uttarakhand
Kankaria Aquarium Ahmedabad Gujarat
Kollam Aquarium Kollam Kerala
Lal Bagh aquarium Bangalore Karnataka
Machhli Ghar Bhopal Madhya Pradesh
MARC Aquarium Digha West Bengal
Marine Biological Research Station Ratnagiri Maharashtra
Marine Life Aquarium Chennai Tamil Nadu
Matsyadarsini Aquarium Visakhapatnam Andhra Pradesh
Nandankanan Zoo Aquarium Bhubaneswar Odisha
Sanjay Gandhi Jaivik Udyan Patna Bihar
Star aquarium Karunagappalli Kerala
Taraporewala Aquarium Mumbai Maharashtra
Travancore Royal Aquarium Trivandrum Kerala
ICAR-NBFGR Ganga Aquarium Lucknow Uttar Pradesh
Varkala Aquarium    $$ Trivandrum Kerala
VGP Marine Kingdom Chennai Tamil Nadu

$   This 222m long aquarium inside Bahu fort, is India's largest underground aquarium.

$$  The 4 storey Aquarium is situated on the baech at Thiruvambady.ADAK built this 3500 sq.ft Aquarium.